It takes a while before one can master using a lathe. The following guide is for a wood working lathe, but there are many types out there.
First off, you should don safety glasses. Remove any jewelry prior to using the device. Don’t wear any clothing or items that might be affected in the spin.
Putting the Lathe to Work
Start by lubricating the lathe. The spinning parts won’t work unless they’re lubricated. You’ll know the oiling is sufficient when there are no grindings. As you work with the lathe, remove the dust and other dirt. All these debris will accumulate in the bed. Take them out before they start to become an inconvenience.
Before using a lathe, make sure the wood is in a solid grip. Ensure the wood is secured. If it isn’t fastened, the wood will move sideways when the spinning begins. Make certain the wood isn’t off center. If it is, you’ll end up doing a lot of paring.
Another potential problem is that the wood will end up being too thin. Put only enough pressure as necessary. It’s important that you employ a soft touch when employing the lathe with chisels. When increasing pressure, do it in increments.
If you put too much pressure, the lathe could buck. When using a lathe, remember to apply strong pressure when there is a need for it. For example, pressure will be needed when creating deep indents.
Lathes are divided into three types: the engine lathe, special purpose lathes and turret lathes. Some variants are placed on benches and others more portable. The large lathes are set on the ground. Before they can be used, special installation is required.
Those used in shops are usually the engine lathe variety. Its main advantage is that it is portable and can be used in many situations. The engine type is good for basic lathing. The turret and special purpose types are used for making special components.
Tips and Warnings
Don’t try using a lathe unless you know exactly what you’re doing. Aside from the precautions mentioned earlier you should always roll the sleeves above the elbows.
Stop the lathe before adjusting any settings. Even more important, don’t alter the spindle speed rate until the lathe has stopped. Take care when working with sharp corners and drills.
Ensure the chuck keys are taken out before operation begins. If the chuck is heavy, handle them carefully. Shield the lathe with wood when putting a chuck in place. The lathe has an emergency stop. Test it first. Take out chips with pliers. Never use your fingers.
Do not lean in the lathe and never put utilities and tools on it.
It’s best if the tools are placed on another table. Another important tip to remember is to never file lathe work if it doesn’t have a handle. Use both hands if sanding and never enfold the workplace with sandpaper cloth.
Using a lathe well will require practice and you shouldn’t hurry. By going through its features and working consistently, you’ll be cutting metals and wood efficiently.