Red Spots on the skin may be the result of various factors ranging from disease to drug side effects and may appear any where on the body. The type of spot may be determined by its charateristics such as the color, inflammation, irritation, or bumps. However, the location of the spots can help to determine the cause of the spots. In most cases these spots are harmless but should be monitored as they could be the first indicator of a more serious condition. There are over fifty different types of red spots on skin, a few of which are described below.
This condition is characterized by red spots on the skin covered by silvery white scaly patches. Psoriasis occurs as a result of skin cells growing too quickly causing new skin cells to form in days rather than weeks. The body does not shed the old ones resulting in a buildup of skin on the surface. There are five types of psoriasis with the most common being plaque psoriasis. The buildup of skin is usually noted on the elbows, knees, lower back and scalp.
Eczema is a type of skin inflammations, also referred to as dermatitis. It is a chronic skin condition that gives red spots on skin and is difficult to get rid of; it may subside temporarily and return. Eczema can affect anyone; however, small children is mostly affected with 85% of children under the age of five (5) having this skin condition. The most common type is Atopic eczema. Once Atopic eczema flares up it will generally seem like a large reddish rash and may be itchy. However, permanent scarring may occur if the rash is scratched.
After a blemish has healed, a scar may be left behind, which is either red or brown in color. They are not permanent but may take a long time to fade. Certain over-the-counter products can be used to assist to speed up the process as well as help to prevent future scarring. Over exposure to sunlight can slow down the time taken for the scars to fade.
This is known as petechiae – these spots are flat, pinpoint and red (or purple) rash. Petechiae is a result of blood leaking into the skin from capillaries under the skin. They are predominantly seen in the lower leg area but can appear anywhere. There are over 80 causes of petechiae such as allergic reactions, mumps, vasculitis, rubella and AIDS. Certain medications cause petechiae such as cortisone, gold salts, and quinine amongst others.
These are extremely small red, itchy bumps that come about due to an infection and not a skin disorder. There are also heat rashes which are a result of wearing tight clothing or the blocking up of sweat ducts.
The exact cause of rosacea is unknown but it is considered to be hereditary and occurs in persons with fair skin. It is characterized by a spread of red pimples on the skin that makes the face seem blushed.
After noticing red spots on the skin, cleanse the area and keep dry and clean. Monitor the spot and if condition does not go away or worsens then consult a doctor.