Chronic renal failure denotes a condition where the kidney functions experiences gradual decline. There are a number of ways to treat the disorder; key among these is regulating or controlling blood pressure. There are some symptoms that are indicative of chronic renal failure. Symptoms can be general ill feeling and fatigue. There may be instances where the kidney function has worsened. If this occurs one symptom may be abnormally dark or light skin. Ways do exist to prevent or delay the development of the disease.
Since the kidney function gradually declines, the kidneys work to try and make up for the damage by hyper filtration. The hyper filtration will no doubt result in greater loss of function. The long term loss of function results in progressive scarring and generalized wasting inside the various parts of the kidney. Eventually the wide scale scarring will hide the area which was initially damaged. Patients will not experience symptoms of renal failure until over 70 percent of the regular amalgamated function of the two kidneys is lost. There are numerous causes of chronic kidney disease. Most popular is diabetes mellitus. This is followed in terms of causes by unregulated hypertension or high blood pressure.
Symptoms of chronic renal failure
The early symptoms of the disease mainly occur with separate illness. General ill feeling and fatigues are some of the symptoms associated with the disease. There may also be generalized itching or (pruritus) and dry skin. Other symptoms may be losing weight without trying to do so and headaches. Additionally in the early stages individuals may experience appetite loss and nausea.
When the kidney function has worsened other symptoms may be experienced. The skin can become abnormally dark or light skin. Bone pain, drowsiness and confusion, muscle twitching and camps, breath odor also factor in. Easy bruising and bleeding or blood in stools may be seen. Excessive feelings of thirst and hiccups becoming more frequent are also symptoms. Amenorrhea or menstrual period stop, vomiting particularly in the morning, insomnia and other sleep disorders are other symptoms.
Treatment and Prevention of chronic renal failure
The most important means of treating the disease is through controlling the patient’s blood pressure. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are commonly used. This is aimed at keeping blood pressure at or below 130/80 mmHg. Preventing the disease involves treating the condition that causes the problem. This can prevent it completley or delay the onset. Diabetics should control their blood sugar and blood pressure levels and avoid the habit of smoking.
Chronic renal failure causes severe debilitation to kidney function. A number of factors may cause the disorder inclusion of high blood pressure. There are numerous symptoms associated with the disease. The most effective means of treating the disease is by keeping blood pressure at an average level. Lastly the prevention of chronic renal failure is dependent on how well persons treat the conditions that brings about the problem, blood pressure is one such example.